The University of Tartu is the only classical university in Estonia to do research in arts and humanities, social sciences, medical sciences and science and technology.
Research in the Faculty of Social Sciences focuses on the broad-based study of socially relevant issues. The faculty conducts research in law, economics, educational science and educational management, psychology, sociology, and political studies and media and communication. The faculty’s colleges in Narva and Pärnu are important regional centres of higher education. In Narva, an important area of research is multiculturalism in education and other areas of social life, while Pärnu College focuses on promoting service economy.
The Faculty of Arts and Humanities is the largest, most diverse and most internationally recognised research centre for the humanities in Estonia. Its reseach fields are history and archaeology, Estonian and general linguistics, philosophy and semiotics, cultural research and theology and religious studies. The Faculty of Arts and Humanities also includes the College of Foreign Languages and Cultures and Viljandi Culture Academy.
The research activities of the Faculty of Medicine are divided between eight focus areas, covering nearly 30 specialisations of medicine, pharmacy. as well as sport science and physiotherapy.
The research teams study, for example, nervous and mental diseases, heart diseases, cancers and infectious diseases. Particular attention is paid to research in translational medicine, which is organised by the centre of excellence for translational medicine. Clinical research is coordinated by the Clinical Research Centre at the Institute of Clinical Medicine.
The faculty’s main areas of research and development are engineering, exact sciences and life sciences, sustainable energy, new materials and technologies, computer science, digital technology, robotics, biotechnology, ecotechnology, synthetic biology, biodiversity, adaptation to climate and environmental change, molecular and cell biology, genetics, genomics, biomedicine, and interdisciplinary research linking science with other fields